Serum response factor (SRF) is a transcription factor that binds the serum response element (SRE), a sequence that mediates the transient response of many cellular genes to growth stimulation. SRF-binding sites are also constitutive promoter elements in many muscle-specific promoters. At the c-Fos SRE, formation of a ternary complex containing SRF and its accessory protein p62TCF appears to be important for signal transduction. Two related Ets domain proteins, Elk-1 and SRF accessory protein-1 (SAP-1), have DNA binding properties identical to that of p62TCF. Elk-1 and SAP-1 contain two homologous regions of which the two amino terminal regions, the Ets domain (box A) and the B box, mediate ternary complex formation with SRF. The third homologous region, the C box located toward the C-terminus of the proteins, contains conserved consensus phosphorylation sites for MAP kinases.
Synonyms: Elk4, ELK4_HUMAN, ETS domain containing protein Elk4, ETS domain protein, ETS domain-containing protein Elk-4, SAP-1, SAP1, Serum response factor accessory protein 1, SRF accessory protein 1, TCF1.