In eukaryotes, the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of proteins on serine and threonine residues is an essential means of regulating a broad range of cellular functions including division, homeostasis and apoptosis. A group of proteins that are intimately involved in this process are the protein phosphatases. In general, the protein phosphatase (PP) holoenzyme is a trimeric complex composed of a regulatory subunit, a variable subunit and a catalytic subunit. Four major families of protein phosphatase catalytic subunit have been identified, designated PP1, PP2A, PP2B and PP2C. An additional protein phosphatase catalytic subunit, PPX (also known as PP4), is a putative member of a novel PP family. The PP2B family comprises subfamily members PP2B-A alpha, PP2B-A Beta and PP2B-A Gamma. Two additional regulatory subunits been identified, designated PP2B-B1 and PP2B-B2.
Synonyms: Calcineurin B phospho Y106, Calcineurin B phospho Tyr106, p-Calcineurin B Tyr106, Calcineurin subunit B type 1, CALNB1, CANB1_HUMAN, Cna2, CNB, CNB1, OTTHUMP00000201960, OTTHUMP00000201961, Ppp3r1, PPP3R1 protein phosphatase 3 formerly 2B, regulatory subunit B, alpha isoform, alpha isoform calcineurin B, type I, calcineurin B, type I 19 kDa, protein phosphatase3 formerly2B, regulatory subunit B, alpha isoform antibody Protein phosphatase 2B regulatory subunit 1, Protein phosphatase 2B regulatory subunit B alpha, protein phosphatase 3 formerly 2B, regulatory subunit B, 19 kDa, alpha isoform calcineurin B, type I, Protein phosphatase 3 regulatory subunit B alpha, Protein phosphatase 3 regulatory subunit B alpha isoform 1.