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Features of activation-induced deaminase (AID) mapping within the noncatalytic domain, but outside the chromosome region maintenance 1-dependent nuclear export signal at the C-terminus, influence its function.
The binding and catalytic behavior of purified AID was tested on DNA/RNA hybrid substrates bearing either random sequences or GC-rich (Montrer RELB Kits ELISA) sequences simulating Ig S regions. AID exhibited a higher affinity for binding DNA/RNA hybrid substrates made of S region sequences, than any other DNA substrates. In the absence of any other cellular processes or factors, AID itself favors binding and mutating S-region DNA/RNA hybrids.
silencing of AID in human bone marrow cells skews differentiation toward myelomonocytic lineage. However, in contrast to Tet2 loss, Aid loss does (Montrer CEBPA Kits ELISA) not contr (Montrer GATA1 Kits ELISA)ibute to enhanced HSC self-renewal or cooperate with Flt3-ITD to induce myeloid transformation. Genome-wide transcription and differential methylation analysis uncover the critical role of Aid as a key epigenetic regulator
These findings indicated that TNF-alpha (Montrer TNF Kits ELISA)-induced AID expression is involved with class switch recombination in cancer.
Finnish founder allele causing HIGM2 identified.
this study reports a case of growth hormone (Montrer GH1 Kits ELISA) deficiency with an autosomal recessive Hyper-immunoglobulin M syndrome by phenotype and genotype, with a novel mutation in AICDA that has not been reported formerly
AICDA/APOBEC family of cytidine deaminases is significant in innate immunity, as it restricts numerous viruses, including HBV, through hypermutationdependent and independent mechanisms. (Review)
DNA methylation (Montrer HELLS Kits ELISA) dynamics of germinal center B cells are mediated by AID.
Mutations in activation-induced cytidine deaminase is associated with indolent chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.
Data suggest novel mechanism in innate immunity allows cytokine TGF-beta (Montrer TGFB1 Kits ELISA) to restrict viral circular DNA in hepatocyte nuclei via innate immunity; AID deaminates circular DNA of hepatitis B virus leading to DNA degradation; mechanism depends on UNG (Montrer UNG Kits ELISA).
The high levels of memory and activated B cells and follicular helper T cells were positively associated with the progression of immunoglobulin A nephropathy. This may be mediated by the overexpression of AID, which is potentially regulated by IL21 (Montrer IL17C Kits ELISA).
findings suggest that activation of Tnf (Montrer TNF Kits ELISA)-Aicda axis and co-inhibitory signals to T cells in coordination with Th1 (Montrer HAND1 Kits ELISA)-type immunity has critical roles in the immune response against Hepatitis B virus infection
the role of phosphorylation on AID serine38 in AID activity at the Immunoglobulin switch region and off-target Myc (Montrer MYC Kits ELISA) gene, is reported.
The reduced expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID).
this study shows that enforced expression of Sox2 in splenic B cells severely inhibits AID expression and IgH class switch recombination
Aid loss in mice leads to expansion of myeloid cells and reduced erythroid progenitors resulting in anemia, with dysregulated expression of Cebpa (Montrer CEBPA Kits ELISA) and Gata1 (Montrer GATA1 Kits ELISA), myeloid/erythroid lineage-specific transcription factors
UNG (Montrer UNG Kits ELISA) deficiency reduces B cell clonal expansion in the germinal center in mice and blocks the proliferation of tumor B cells expressing AID.
We find that the expression of the actin polymerization complex Arp2/3 is reduced in dysbindin-deficient cells, thus affecting actin-dependent phenotypes
Arp2 and Arp3 (Montrer ANGPTL6 Kits ELISA) expression was increased under atherosclerotic conditions both in ApoE (Montrer APOE Kits ELISA)-/- mice and in oxidized low-density lipoproteins stimulated human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs).
Efficient chemoprotection of CDD (Montrer CDA Kits ELISA) and MDR1 (Montrer ABCB4 Kits ELISA) transduced hematopoietic 32D as well as primary lin(-) cells was proven in the context of Ara (Montrer FOXC1 Kits ELISA)-C and anthracycline application
Dendritic cells possess a mechanism to pass through micrometric constrictions. This mechanism is based on a rapid Arp2/3-dependent actin nucleation around the nucleus that disrupts the nuclear lamina, the main structure limiting nuclear deformability.
crystal structure of Arp2 (Montrer ACTR2 Kits ELISA)/3 complex
These results demonstrate an important role for CRMP-1 (Montrer CRMP1 Kits ELISA) in Listeria actin comet tail formation and open the possibility that CRMP-1 (Montrer CRMP1 Kits ELISA) controls cell motility by modulating Arp2 (Montrer ACTR2 Kits ELISA)/3 activation.
TET3 (Montrer TET3 Kits ELISA) dioxygenase was present in the very first embryo stages, in contrast to TET1 and AICDA.
The GMF-Arp2 interface reveals how the ADF-H actin-binding domain in GMF is exploited to specifically recognize Arp2/3 complex and not actin.
interacts with contactin and N-WASp
Data show that L. monocytogenes motility can be separated into an Arp2 (Montrer ACTR2 Kits ELISA)/3-dependent nucleation phase, and an Arp2 (Montrer ACTR2 Kits ELISA)/3-independent elongation phase which is dependent upon fascin (Montrer FSCN1 Kits ELISA).
crystal structures of Arp2/3 complex with bound ATP or ADP
WASp stabilizes p35-dependent closure of the complex, holding Arp2 and Arp3 closer together to nucleate an actin filament.
domain rearrangements of Arp2 and Arp3 result in a closed conformational state consistent with an "actin-dimer" model for the active state
AICDA cDNA was cloned and expressed successfully in Escherichia coli generating a phenotype consistent with the mutating action of this deaminase. Using a whole genome radiation hybrid panel, AICDA was mapped to a region of chromosome 5.
there is currently no evidence to support the proposed roles of AID and MBD4 (Montrer MBD4 Kits ELISA) in active demethylation in zebrafish embryos.
Results provide evidence for a coupled mechanism of 5-methylcytosine (5-meC (Montrer CCL28 Kits ELISA)) demethylation, whereby 5-meC (Montrer CCL28 Kits ELISA) deaminase (AID)deaminates 5-meC (Montrer CCL28 Kits ELISA), followed by thymine base excision by G:T mismatch-specific thymine glycosylase (Mbd4 (Montrer MBD4 Kits ELISA)), promoted by Gadd45 (Montrer GADD45A Kits ELISA).[AID]
The promoters of both channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) and zebrafish (Danio rerio) Aicda genes were as transcriptionally active as an SV40 promoter control in all cell lines tested, regardless of the cells ability to express Aicda.
This gene encodes a RNA-editing deaminase that is a member of the cytidine deaminase family. The protein is involved in somatic hypermutation, gene conversion, and class-switch recombination of immunoglobulin genes. Defects in this gene are the cause of autosomal recessive hyper-IgM immunodeficiency syndrome type 2 (HIGM2).
activation-induced cytidine deaminase
, activation induced deaminase
, activation-induced deaminase
, cytidine aminohydrolase
, integrated into Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Ramos
, single-stranded DNA cytosine deaminase
, activation induced cytidine deaminase
, ARP2 actin-related protein 2 homolog
, actin-like protein 2
, actin-related protein 2