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Studies suggest that embryonic signaling pathways, the likes of Notch (Montrer NOTCH1 Kits ELISA), Wnt (Montrer WNT2 Kits ELISA), and Hedgehog (Montrer SHH Kits ELISA) and tumor marker Oct-4 offer targets for cascade-specific molecular inhibition as they are fundamental to (cancer and normal) stem cell maintenance and growth.
The quadruplex acts as a strong, positive regulator of Oct4 expression.
these findings demonstrated that HIF-2alpha (Montrer EPAS1 Kits ELISA) in vselMSCs cooperated with Oct4 in survival and function. The identification of the cooperation between HIF-2alpha (Montrer EPAS1 Kits ELISA) and Oct4 will lead to deeper characterization of the downstream targets of this interaction in vselMSCs and will have novel pathophysiological implications for the repair of infarcted myocardium.
gene editing reveals a role for OCT4 in human embryogenesis
we are reporting a new variant of OCT4, which is expressed under different physiological conditions. The finding shed more light on complexity of OCT4 expression and functions.
High Oct4 expression is associated with breast cancer.
The expression of Oct4A may be crucial to promote and sustain integrin-mediated extracellular matrix (ECM (Montrer MMRN1 Kits ELISA)) remodeling requisite for tumor metastasis in ovarian cancer patients.
High OCT3 expression is associated with ovarian cancer.
Endogenous Plastic Somatic (ePS) cells in a latent state, i.e. lacking SOX2 (Montrer SOX2 Kits ELISA), OCT3/4 and NANOG (Montrer NANOG Kits ELISA) (SON) expression, in non-diseased breast specimens through immunohistochemical analysis of previously identified ePS-specific biomarkers (CD73(+), EpCAM (Montrer EPCAM Kits ELISA)(+) and CD90 (Montrer THY1 Kits ELISA)(-)).
BORIS (Montrer CTCFL Kits ELISA) is associated with the cancer stem cell-like traits of human liver cancer cells through the epigenetic regulation of OCT4.
Activin A (Montrer INHBA Kits ELISA) and overexpression of SMAD2 (Montrer SMAD2 Kits ELISA)/3 significantly promoted expressions of porcine NANOG (Montrer NANOG Kits ELISA) and OCT4,maintaining induced pluripotent stem cell self-renewal through up-regulation of Nanog (Montrer NANOG Kits ELISA)/OCT4 expression.
Our results indicate that continuous expression of OCT-4 in blastomeres is essential for trophectoderm formation of porcine embryos.
These findings suggest that the 12-bp indel polymorphism of the Oct4 gene might be a potential DNA marker for selecting preferred individuals in relation to reproductive traits in pig marker-assisted selection breeding.
Oct4-overexpression enhances porcine ovarian stem cell differentiation in to oocyte-like cells.
showed novel molecular regulation of CDX2 (Montrer CDX2 Kits ELISA) on Oct4, and provided important clues for clarifying the mechanism of interaction between CDX2 (Montrer CDX2 Kits ELISA) and Oct4 in embryo of mammals other than mouse
Overexpression of Sox2 (Montrer SOX2 Kits ELISA) or Oct4 in bone mesenchymal stem cells in culture media containing a basic fibroblast growth factor (Montrer FGF2 Kits ELISA) results in higher proliferation and differentiation compared to controls.
Oct4 positive stem/progenitor swine lung epithelial cells are targets for influenza virus replication.
study shows that localization of octamer-binding protein 4(OCT4) is associated with an embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like morphology from porcine inner cell mass
OCT4 expression, in contrast to earlier speculations, at least in hatched blastocysts, resembles the expression pattern in the mouse embryo.
cells isolated from umbilical cord express three transcription factors,Oct-4, Sox-2 & Nanog, found in pluripotent stem cell markers both at the mRNA and protein level.
we concluded that OCT4 expression in somatic cells is not a good prognosis marker for selecting cell lines.
analysis of pluripotency gene expression of OCT4, SOX2 and NANOG and mRNA levels of some of their downstream targets in bovine oocytes and early embryos
Oct4 exhibited significant hypermethylation in sperm compared with that in oocytes
In contrast to protein distribution, regulation of Oct4 transcription is conserved between mammalian species.
analysis of CpG islands of bovine Leptin (Montrer LEP Kits ELISA) and POU5F1 genes in cloned bovine fetuses
The restoration of pluripotency can be directly observed in living cells or SCNT embryos from such Pou5f1-EGFP transgenic fetuses.
sequences of mRNA and translated protein of the newly identified genes and those of POU5F1 were aligned to their mammalian orthologs to determine the degree of evolutionary conservation
Higher values of OCT-4 expression were observed in embryos and endometrial tissue in females reproduced under heat conditions.
protein expression during rabbit embryonic development: investigation of temporal and spatial relationship of expression of Oct-4, Cdx-2 (caudal type homeobox transcription factor 2 (Montrer CDX2 Kits ELISA)) and histone H4 (acetylated at lysine 5) in morula/blastocysts
The signal may have reflected the regulation of Oct-4 through enhancer switching and therefore may be related to cell lineage formation in rabbit embryos.
The POU5F1 gene is strictly regulated during early embryo development.
Cytoplasmic CD44 (Montrer CD44 Kits ELISA) and absence of nuclear Oct3/4 suggest that the cells of cardiac sarcomas may represent 'daughter' stem cells that no longer have the capacity for tumour initiation, but have subsequently developed new lines of partial differentiation.
Lack of restricted OCT4 protein, and inner cell mass localization of NANOG in primate blastocysts, suggests that NANOG may determine inner cell mass fate more specifically during primate development.
High POU5F1 expression is associated with disruption in differentiation and spermatogenesis.
Three regulating complexes centered by Sox2 (Montrer SOX2 Kits ELISA)-Oct4, Nanog (Montrer NANOG Kits ELISA), and Lrh1 (Montrer NR5A2 Kits ELISA) maintain Oct4 expression in pluripotent stem cells in mice. [review]
OCT4 is an integral and necessary component of signal-regulated transcriptional processes required for tissue-specific responses.
Maintenance of pluripotency is regulated by a network of transcription factors coordinated by Oct4, Sox2 (Montrer SOX2 Kits ELISA), and Nanog (Montrer NANOG Kits ELISA); Trim24 (Montrer TRIM24 Kits ELISA) significantly improved efficiency of cellular reprogramming, demonstrating its direct functionality in establishing pluripotency.
ATOX1 (Montrer ATOX1 Kits ELISA) appeared ubiquitously expressed throughout the cells until compaction; in subsequent embryo stages, ATOX1 (Montrer ATOX1 Kits ELISA) relocalized to cytoplasmic perinuclear domains in the inner cell mass. Silencing of Oct4 did not affect Atox1 (Montrer ATOX1 Kits ELISA) expression, but silencing of Atox1 (Montrer ATOX1 Kits ELISA) at the 2-cell stage strongly diminished Oct4 expression in 16-cell embryos.
smooth muscle cell (SMC (Montrer DYM Kits ELISA))-specific conditional knockout of Oct4 in Apoe (Montrer APOE Kits ELISA)-/- mice resulted in increased lesion size and changes in lesion composition that are consistent with decreased plaque stability, including a thinner fibrous cap, increased necrotic core area, and increased intraplaque hemorrhage.
In mouse model of acute uterine injury, Nanog (Montrer NANOG Kits ELISA) homebox (NANOG (Montrer NANOG Kits ELISA)) expression reached a peak at 6 h, while sex-determining region Y (Montrer SRY Kits ELISA)-box2 (SOX2 (Montrer SOX2 Kits ELISA)) and octamer-binding protein 4 (OCT4) peaked later at 12 h after lipopolysaccharide (LPS (Montrer TLR4 Kits ELISA)) treatment.
Here, the authors present the first structure of mouse GCNF (Montrer NR6A1 Kits ELISA) DNA-binding domain in complex with the Oct4 DR0. The overall structure revealed two molecules bound in a head-to-tail fashion on opposite sides of the DNA at a DR0 motif located within the Oct4 promoter.
Data show that expression of the Oct-4, Sox2 (Montrer SOX2 Kits ELISA), Klf4 (Montrer KLF4 Kits ELISA), and c-Myc (Montrer MYC Kits ELISA) (OSKM) reprogramming factors induces Cyclin D1 (Montrer CCND1 Kits ELISA) expression, and the increased Cyclin D1 (Montrer CCND1 Kits ELISA) expression during reprogramming promotes continuing embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) proliferation.
In late preimplantation, Oct4 served as a chromatin opener to create transcriptional permissive states at Xm-Xist/Tsix genomic loci. In parthenogenetic embryos, Rnf12 (Montrer RLIM Kits ELISA) overdose caused Xm-Xist derepression via Xm-Tsix repression; physiological Rnf12 (Montrer RLIM Kits ELISA) levels were essential for Xm-Xist silencing maintenance in fertilized embryos.
Data suggest that, in developing gastrula, Znfl1 controls developmental gene expression of Hoxb1b in embryonic posterior neuroectoderm by acting upstream of Pou5f3 and Sall4 (Montrer SALL4 Kits ELISA); these proteins appear to be involved in neurogenesis. (Znfl1 = zinc finger-like gene 1; Hoxb1b = homeobox B1b protein; Pou5f3 = POU domain class 5 transcription factor 3 (Montrer TCF3 Kits ELISA); Sall4 (Montrer SALL4 Kits ELISA) = spalt (Montrer SALL1 Kits ELISA)-like transcription factor 4 (Montrer TCF4 Kits ELISA))
Regulation of mych by Pou5f1 appears to be direct transcriptional activation.
The posttranslational modification by phosphorylation opens the possibility that Pou5f1 may be subject to temporal or region specific modulation of its activity or stability by embryonic signaling mechanisms.
discuss mechanistic implications of simultaneous activation of transcriptional targets by ubiquitous, like Pou5f1, and region-specific inducers, emerging as a common regulatory motif in early development
maternal Nanog (Montrer NANOG Kits ELISA), Pou5f1 and SoxB1 are required to initiate the zygotic developmental program and induce clearance of the maternal program by activating miR (Montrer MYLIP Kits ELISA)-430 expression
thses data position Pou5f1 and SOX (Montrer PIPOX Kits ELISA)-POU sites at the center of the zygotic gene activation network of vertebrates and provide a link between zygotic gene activation and pluripotency control.
The defects due to HEP induction were rescued by introducing wild-type pou2 mRNA before the heat treatments.
Vox plays a key role downstream of BMP signals in regulating the capacity of Nodal to induce endoderm versus mesoderm by modulating the activity of the Casanova/Pou2 regulatory system.
Pou2 functions in multiple aspects of vertebrate development, especially in the binary decision of the mesendoderm to mesoderm and endoderm in different ways depending on the developmental stage.
show that Pou5f1 binds to phylogenetically conserved Oct (Montrer Plxna2 Kits ELISA)/Pou5f1 sites in the vox promoter, both in vivo and in vitro
This gene encodes a transcription factor containing a POU homeodomain. This transcription factor plays a role in embryonic development, especially during early embryogenesis, and it is necessary for embryonic stem cell pluripotency. A translocation of this gene with the Ewing's sarcoma gene, t(6\;22)(p21\;q12), has been linked to tumor formation. Alternative splicing, as well as usage of alternative translation initiation codons, results in multiple isoforms, one of which initiates at a non-AUG (CUG) start codon. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 1, 3, 8, 10, and 12.
POU domain transcription factor OCT4
, POU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1
, POU-type homeodomain-containing DNA-binding protein
, octamer-binding protein 3
, octamer-binding protein 4
, octamer-binding transcription factor 3
, octamer-binding transcription factor-3
, POU class 5 homeobox 1
, POU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1-like
, POU domain class 5 transcription factor 1
, POU domain gene 2
, spiel ohne grenzen
, spiel ohne grenzen/pou2
, octamer binding transcription factor 4
, Octamer-binding transcription factor 3
, octamer-binding transcription factor 4