PCB (Pyruvate carboxylase) requires biotin and ATP to catalyse the carboxylation of pyruvate to oxaloacetate. The active enzyme is a homotetramer arranged in a tetrahedron which is located exclusively in the mitochondrial matrix. PCB is involved in gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, insulin secretion and synthesis of the neurotransmitter glutamate. Mutations in this gene have been associated with pyruvate carboxylase deficiency. Alternatively spliced transcript variants with different 5' UTRs, but encoding the same protein, have been found for this gene.
Synonyms: mitochondrial, OTTHUMP00000235155, OTTHUMP00000235156, PC, PCB, Pcx, PYC_HUMAN, Pyruvate carboxylase, Pyruvate carboxylase mitochondrial, Pyruvic carboxylase.