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Inhibition of CTGF ameliorates peritoneal fibrosis through suppression of fibroblast and myofibroblast accumulation and angiogenesis.
These results reveal a novel mechanism of macrophage migration into glomeruli with nephritis mediated by connective tissue growth factor derived from mesangial cells.
miR-26b-5p interacted with 3'UTRs of Col1a2 and CTGF, and circ_000203 could block the interactions of miR-26b-5p and 3'UTRs of Col1a2 and CTGF.
early myocardial CTGF mRNA expression (six hours) after Ang-II exposure is likely dependent on latent TGF-beta activation via the canonical Smad-dependent pathway in resident cardiac cells.
These results indicate that the hepatocytic expression of TGF-beta and CTGF is mediated by Wnt signalling in Schistosoma japonicum infection.
Data (including data from studies using transgenic mice) suggest that Ctgf secreted from vascular endothelium in pancreas plays critical role in up-regulation of insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells during pregnancy; here, pregnant mice with global Ctgf haplo-insufficiency (heterozygous for loss-of-function mutation) (a) exhibit impairment in maternal beta-cell proliferation and (b) develop gestational diabetes.
The data demonstrate that MMP13 and CTGF play a crucial role in modulation of fibrogenic mediators while promoting hepatic fibrogenesis.
p-SMAD2/3 and p-ERK1/2 might play a regulatory role in TGF-beta1 induced CTGF exp p-SMAD2/3 and p-ERK1/2 might play a regulatory role in TGF-beta1 induced CTGF expression during tooth development.
Ctgf is the direct target gene of SOX9 in chondrocytes and nucleus pulposus cells.
As shown in mouse model of kidney fibrosis CTGF is significantly involved in fibrosis-associated renal lymphangiogenesis through regulation of, and direct interaction with, VEGF-C.
CTGF and BMP2 are induced following myocardial ischemia in mice and humans.
this study suggested that CTGF antibody protected podocytes against injury in DN mice by reducing beta-catenin overexpression and preventing podocyte EMT, which might provide new insight into the mechanism of CTGF inhibition in the treatment of DN.
LPA-LPA1 signaling initiates profibrotic epithelial cell fibroblast communication mediated by epithelial cell derived connective tissue growth factor.
Down-regulation of CTGF is effective in inhibiting postoperative scarring in vivo. This suggests that RNAi with CTGF siRNA may potentially pave the road for a novel therapeutic strategy to improve glaucoma surgery results.
CTGF role in cardiac fibrosis. Long noncoding RNA H19 mediates CTGF expression.
Notch1 haploinsufficiency decreased the expression of Ctgf in the aorta and in vitro cell culture system. In vitro studies on SMCs using the Notch1 intracellular domain (NICD) plasmid, dominant negative mastermind-like (dnMAML), or specific siRNA suggest that Notch1, not Notch3, directly modulates the expression of CTGF
these findings show that cardiac ERK1/2 activity is modulated in part by TGF-b/Smad signaling, leading to altered activation of CTGF/CCN2 to mediate fibrosis and alter cardiac function. This identifies a novel mechanism in the development of LMNA cardiomyopathy.
the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in neurons regulates CTGF production and secretion, revealing a paracrine mechanism by which neuronal signaling regulates oligodendrocyte maturation and myelination in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).
CCN2 suppression by miR-199a-5p accounts, in part, for low-level fibrogenic gene expression in quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and causes dampened gene expression in activated HSCs after horizontal transfer of miR-199a-5p in exosomes from quiescent HSCs.
In summary, our data suggest that in obstructive nephropathy atrophy increases and fibrosis decreases with age and that this relates to increased BMP signaling, most likely due to higher BMP6 and lower CTGF expression.
This work indicates that NELL-1, HMGB1, and CCN2 might enhance bone defect healing via the recruitment of endogenous cells and induction of vascularization and act via different processes than BMP2.
TRAF1, CTGF, and CX3CL1 genes are hypomethylated in osteoarthritis
Down-regulation of CTGF could markly decrease proliferation.
PVT1 was able to bind and degrade miR26b to promote connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and angiopoietin 2 (ANGPT2) expression.
CTGF can reduce glycolysis and mitochondrial OXPHOS pathways by increasing mtTFA protein degradation and in turn reduces cancer migration and invasion in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).
Results show that mRNA and serum expression levels of Cyr61, CTGF, and VEGF in muscle tissues of patients with polymyositis (PM)/dermatomyositis (DM). These data suggest that these genes may be involved in the pathogenesis mainly by affecting the formation of blood vessels and promoting inflammatory response.
This study study discovered a positive feedback loop between CTGF and CCL18 in hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis.
Serum connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a promising diagnostic biomarker for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is an important mediator of renal allograft fibrosis, and urinary CTGF (CTGFu) levels correlate with the development of allograft interstitial fibrosis. We evaluated the predictive value of CTGF protein expression in 160 kidney transplant recipients with paired protocol biopsies at 3 months and 5 years after transplantation.
Lymphangiogenesis during tubulointerstitial fibrosis to be associated with increased expression of CTGF and VEGF-C in human obstructed nephropathy as well as in diabetic kidney disease. vitro, CTGF induced VEGF-C production in HK-2 cells, while CTGF siRNA suppressed transforming growth factor beta1-induced VEGF-C upregulation.
miR132 may target CTGF in regulating fibrosis in Ang IItreated cardiac fibroblasts.
CTGF-mediated temozolomide resistance in glioblastoma operates through TGF-beta1-dependent activation of Smad/ERK signaling pathways
CCN2 plays a promoting role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)progression through activating LRP6 in a HSPGs-dependent manner. Heparin in combination with chemotherapy has a synergic effect and could be a treatment choice for HCCs with a high CCN2 expression.
real-time polymerase chain reaction showed higher expression levels of TGF-beta and CTGF in desmoid fibromatosis compared with normal skin. The high constitutive expression of beta-catenin downstream effectors; TGF-beta, CTGF has the potential for enabling targeted therapy
results demonstrated that mechanical stretch and CoCl2-induced HIF-1alpha together increased the level of MMP-2 and decreased the levels of VEGF and CTGF in cultured ACL fibroblasts.
Smurf2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, interacts with PDE4B and attenuates liver fibrosis through miR-132 mediated CTGF inhibition
the up-regulation of CTGF expression by visfatin might be mediated via HIF-1a -dependent pathway, but not the TGF-b1 pathway in EAHy926 cells
Data suggested that the co-expression of the Hippo transducers TAZ/YAP and CTGF may be an adverse prognostic factor in male breast cancer.
These findings suggest that 5-HT promotes CCN2 production through the 5-HT2AR in growth plates, and that it represses CCN2 production through the 5-HT2BR in articular cartilage for harmonized development of long bones
Results confirm the prodevelopmental actions of activin A and indicate that CTGF may also function as an embryokine by regulating the number of ICM cells in the blastocyst and altering gene expression. Low concentrations of HGF were inhibitory to development.
The results indicate that CTGF suppresses the synthesis of biglycan but newly induced that of decorin in the cells when the cell density is low.
Actin cytoskeleton-dependent regulation of CTGF transcription and mRNA stability
During vascular regression, Yap/Taz is activated by blood circulation in the endothelial cells. This leads to induction of Ctgf and actin polymerization. Interference with Yap/Taz activation decreased Ctgf production, which decreased actin polymerization and vascular regression.
this study reveals that CTGF is necessary and sufficient to stimulate glial bridging and natural spinal cord regeneration.
CTGF/CCN2 plays an important role in notochord development and is required for general embryonic development
Recombinant CTGF added to embryonic mouse neural precursor cell culture increased the number of Sox-2-, GFAP-and GFAP/Nestin-positive cells, activated p44/42 signaling, and upregulated fibronectin. In human glioma cells, it induced GFAP and nestin.
Data show that connective-tissue growth factor regulates signalling through the Wnt pathway, in accord with its ability to bind to the Wnt co-receptor LDL receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6).
These data suggest that CTGF levels are increased in multiple organs after radiation exposure and that inflammatory cell infiltration may contribute to the elevated levels of CTGF in multiple organs.
A significant increase in TGF-beta1 and CTGF was found at 6 weeks in the subsynovial connective tissue in a rabbit model of carpal tunnel syndrome.
Stretch is an important primary trigger for CTGF-induction in the overloaded heart.
Connective tissue growth factor is expressed in the naive cornea, lens, iris, and retina, and is expressed immediately after epithelial injury. Loss of CTGF impairs efficient re-epithelialization of corneal wounds.
TGF-beta1 can inhibit the growth of urethra epithelium cells and induce the expression of CTGF.
Overexpression of CTGF in the blebs after trabeculectomy demonstrates that CTGF may play an important role in the process of wound healing.
CCN2 was transiently expressed at the leading keratinocyte edge in wound healing.
Atrial fibrillation patients and animals exhibited a significantly increased expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). Angiotension II-induced CTGF expression might be involved in atrial substrate remodeling.
CTGF in trabecular meshwork is modulated by physiological agonists and by increased ocular pressure and mechanical stretch. Regulation of CTGF within outflow pathway may play role in homeostasis of intraocular pressure.
CTGF level was not altered in model of obliterative bronchiolitis.
The protein encoded by this gene is a mitogen that is secreted by vascular endothelial cells. The encoded protein plays a role in chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation, cell adhesion in many cell types, and is related to platelet-derived growth factor. Certain polymorphisms in this gene have been linked with a higher incidence of systemic sclerosis.
CCN family member 2
, Connective tissue growth factor precursor (CTGF) (FISP-12 protein) (Hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific protein 24)
, fibroblast inducible secreated protein
, fibroblast inducible secreted protein
, hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24
, hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific protein 24
, IGF-binding protein 8
, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 8
, connective tissue growth-related protein
, connective tissue growth factor
, connective tissue growth factor XCTGF
, Connective tissue growth factor
, connective tissue growth factor-like