TRPC6, also known as TRP6, short transient receptor potential channel 6 and transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily C member 6, is thought to form a receptor-activated non-selective calcium permeant cation channel. TRPC6 is probably operated by a phosphatidylinositol second messenger system activated by receptor tyrosine kinases or G-protein coupled receptors. It is activated by diacylglycerol (DAG) in a membrane-delimited fashion, independently of protein kinase C and may not to be activated by intracellular calcium store depletion. Defects in this gene are a cause of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Expression of this protein has been reported in tissues such as placenta, lung, spleen, ovary, small intestine, and renal podocytes. Immunohistochemistry studies using polyclonal antibodies to this target have shown moderate to strong staining in cell types such as neurons, breast, respiratory, squamous and prostate epithelium, epidermis, placental trophoblasts, dendritic cells, and subsets of immune cells, and faint to moderate staining of adrenal, colon, ganglion cells, hepatocytes, heart, and testis.
Synonyms: TRPC6, TRP6, short transient receptor potential channel 6 and transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily C member 6